Montessori 2-Year Old Program

Curriculum Objectives

Art: The 2 year old is able to use various materials to express creativity and to enhance fine motor skills. Language skills are further reinforced through the child’s description of the art and its personal meaning. Social skills particular to gift-giving are introduced and coordinated with traditional holidays.

Specific Objectives for Art

  • Works in various mediums:
    Dough, crayons, markers, finger paints, tempera, watercolors, chalk, glue
  • Uses various implements: Brushes, sponges, stamps
  • Explores various crafts: collages, pictures, egg carton art
  • Free-form art

Cognitive Skills: The 2 year old is encouraged to explore books and various jobs that ultimately increase ability to concentrate, work independently, and create foundations for learning.

Specific Objectives for Cognitive Skills

  • Demonstrates curiosity about self, others, environment
  • Responds correctly to yes and no
  • Learns through experimentation
  • Concentration span expanding
  • Learns object permanence
  • Sequences pictured events ( 2-4 elements)
  • Knows colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, brown, black, white, pink, purple
  • Follows directions (1-3 commands in sequence)

Geography: Lessons in geography introduce the concept of a globe and create a framework for whole-world to self-world learning.

Specific Objectives for Geography

  • Elements: air, land, water, fire
  • Introduction to the globe
  • Family study
  • Weather and global regions
  • Environmental awareness

Language Skills: Language activities are developing at a rapid rate during the early years. Sandpaper letters help the child learn the phonetics of the alphabet. Naming cards and matching introduce foundations for alphabet and language. Stories, finger plays, singing, and spontaneous conversation time encourage both social and language skills.

Specific Objectives for Language Skills

  • Recognition First and last name and age
  • Names people in family
  • Names people in environment: teachers/classmates
  • Names objects in classroom
  • Repeats simple songs and fingerplays
  • Uses words to express needs and wants
  • Displays body language
  • Understands and follows simple directions (1-2 commands)
  • Imitates words and actions
  • Combines words toward simple sentences
  • Uses personal pronouns (me, he, she)
  • Uses “all gone, please, thank you, why, what, where” appropriate
  • Recognizes phonic sounds
  • Understands prepositions: up, over, under, etc.
  • Moveable alphabet
  • Listens to read-a-loud activities and begins word/picture association
  • Spontaneously explores books for pleasure

Math Skills: The 2 year old uses hands-on materials for learning concrete math concepts. The 2 year old begins to understand number concepts, both quantity and symbol, and the meaning of zero. The child also begins to understand language used in performing simple single-digit addition.

Specific Objectives Math

  • Numbering
  • Counts by rote: 1-5, 1-10, 10-20
  • Sorts objects by shape/ size/ color
  • Introduction to simple single-digit addition

Motor Skills: The 2 year old is refining both fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are heightened through practical life activities such as pouring, sorting, etc. Gross motor skills are heightened in physical activities such as rhythm/music movement and outdoor play.

Specific Objectives for Motor Skills

  • Gross motor skills
  • Fine motor skills

Practical Life: Practical life activities encourage the child to take care of the environment with size-appropriate tools. The children care for the outside environment through gardening activities and the inside environment through dusting, mopping, sweeping, and washing dishes. Our 2 year old are also directed to take care of themselves by washing hands, hanging up clothing, managing personal items, and toileting.

Specific Objectives for Practical Life

  • Respect for the environment
  • Respect for self
  • Respect for others
  • Practical activities

Science: The 2 year old learns about the environment through the use of “trial and error”.

Specific Objectives for Science

  • Recognizes animals
  • Introduction to plants
  • Introduction to human body
  • Introduction to seasons
  • Introduction to simple physics

Sensorial: The 2 year old is able to discover and explore the world around them through the child’s five senses.

Specific Objectives for Sensorial Skills

  • Introduction to cylinder blocks: 1,2,3,4
  • Introduction to knobless cylinder boxes: yellow box, red box, green box, blue box
  • Pink tower
  • Brown stairs
  • Color box I
  • Color box II
  • Geometric
  • Tactile
  • Auditory
  • Olfactory

Montessori 2-Year Old Curriculum

Practical life activities encourage the child to take care of the environment with size-appropriate tools. The children care for the outside environment through gardening activities and for the inside environment through dusting, mopping, sweeping and washing dishes. The 2 year old is also directed to take care of himself by washing hands, hanging up clothing, managing personal items and toileting.

The 2 year old is encouraged to explore books and perform various jobs that ultimately increase his ability to concentrate and work independently while creating foundations for learning.

The 2 year old is refining both fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are heightened through practical life activities such as pouring, sorting, etc. Gross motor skills are heightened in physical activities like rhythm/music movement and outdoor play.

Language activities are developing at a rapid rate during the early years. Sandpaper letters help the child learn the phonetics of the alphabet. Naming cards and matching introduce foundations for alphabet and language. Stories, finger plays, singing, and spontaneous conversation time encourage both social and language skills.

The 2 year old uses hands-on materials for learning concrete math concepts. The 2 year old begins to understand number concepts, both quantity and symbol, and the meaning of zero. The child also begins to understand language used in performing simple single-digit addition.

The 2 year old is able to discover and explore the world around her through her five senses.

The 2 year old learns about the environment through the use of “trial and error.”

Lessons in geography introduce the concept of a globe and create a framework for whole-world to self-world learning.

The 2 year old is able to use various materials to express creativity and to enhance fine motor skills. Language skills are further reinforced through the child’s description of the art and its personal meaning. Social skills particular to gift-giving are introduced and coordinated with traditional holidays.

The use of sign language in the toddler program helps the child express needs in a non-verbal manner. This can help reduce the frustration level of the child who is in the earliest stages of verbal expression.